Drop Forged Alloy Steel

What Is Forged Alloy Steel?

drop forged alloy steelForged alloy steels are a type of metal that is a combination of one or more alloying elements. The elements often added to forged alloy steels are silicon, manganese, titanium, aluminum and more. The other central component is carbon, which makes up most of the steel in this type of alloy metal.

Adding other alloys that are not typically found in carbon creates specific properties that are ideal for forgings. Further, forged alloy steels have become increasingly popular because they are quickly processed, widely available and affordable.

Alloy Steel Forging Options & Characteristics

Depending on your project requirements, there are a variety of alloy steel grade options available. Most forging steels are treated with heat to improve strength and adaptability. In addition, there are various elements you can add to your carbon steel to produce the characteristics you desire.

  • Nickel: Improves strength and increases corrosion resistance.
  • Chromium: Increases strength by forming the second phase of carbides.
  • Silicon, manganese and copper: Increase strength and improves extreme heat exposure.
  • Silicon and nickel: Increase ductility and strength.
  • Cobalt and nickel: Improve strength retention and ductility.

This is not a comprehensive list of elements added to alloy steels. Other features may be added based on the requirements of the project.

Benefits of Drop Forged Alloy Steel

There are many benefits associated with using alloy steel forgings to satisfy your industrial requirements. First, drop forged alloy steel can help reduce the incidence of shrinkage and cavities in castings. Second, forged alloys are equipped with a unique grain structure, providing high wear resistance. Third, forged alloys are stronger than many traditional steels. Fourth, alloys are made with added elements, increasing strength and durability. Lastly, forged alloys have a higher impact strength than casted steel.

Forged Alloy Steel Applications

Forged alloy steels are used in a wide variety of applications. Regardless of the industry, many businesses use alloy steels for various project requirements. The following are among the most common applications for alloy steel forgings:

  • Crankshafts
  • Machine Parts
  • Fasteners
  • Gearing

This is not a comprehensive list of applications for drop forged steel. Forgings can be used in virtually any manufacturing process that requires a high level of strength and malleability.

Forged Alloy Steel Chemical Properties

forged alloy steel

Most alloy steels contain less than 0.55% carbon. If forged steel has a higher amount of carbon, it will likely require a different classification. Steels containing less than 0.55% carbon are frequently used in the automotive industry and machinery requiring high strength and durability.

Most alloy steels are infused with a small percentage of other elements including manganese, vanadium, nickel and chromium.

These elements can enhance the properties that are created through quenching and tempering processes. Some forged alloy steels contain 9% chromium, making them suitable for use at higher temperatures.

Other alloy elements added to steels improve hardenability, the steel property that ensures toughness and strength of the forged part after it is treated with heat.

MicroAlloy Forging

Like forged steels, micro alloyed steel is an iron-based metal. Typically, they are made with a high percentage of carbon and one or two other elements. These steels were first used in the 1960s for industrial and pipeline projects. However, it was not until the 1980s that micro alloys were produced in larger quantities. Today, micro alloy forgings are commonly used in many industries.

Micro alloy forgings have a complex property structure that allows for a higher level of toughness than low-alloyed steels. As a result, they are not as tough as tempered or quenched metals, but they are strong enough to be used in various industrial applications.

Drop Forged Steel

In the drop forging steel process, the metal billet is inserted in the die and shaped with multiple hammer blows. The hammering process continues until the billet is the correct shape. However, the metal’s center stays generally unaffected. Drop forging steel properties vary depending on the metal combinations used, the hammering process and the cooling method.

The primary process of drop forging is similar to hand forging. However, drop forgings can be crafted piece by piece by a company offering forging services to meet your intended specifications. This forging process allows for a precisely crafted piece that is both functional and strong.

Benefits of Drop Forged Steel

Compared to other production methods, drop-forged steels offer various benefits. You can align the metal grains of your tools to reduce the risk of damage or injury to yourself or the device. If you have components that need to be replaced frequently because of stressful work conditions, consider replacing them with a drop-forged steel tool. Drop forged steel machines are robust, dependable and can operate in high-stress work environments. Further, forged steel metals can be produced quicker than traditional alloys. If you require a new tool to meet a customer deadline, consider a drop-forged steel component.

Custom Forging Services

The custom forging process involves heating, forming and finishing a steel part to meet a specific requirement. Forgings are produced by using high-pressure machines to create materials into precise shapes. The shape can be tailored to meet the exact needs of your project or production process.

Custom forgings are created using a heating and reforming process that produces durable tools that can tolerate extreme pressure and heat. Our American forging company has the experience and machinery required in forging manufacturing to manufacture precise shapes and tools. We realign the metal grains of each forging through the heat process, ensuring the end component is as exact as possible.

Custom forgings can function in extreme working environments and weather conditions. As a result, custom forgings may help increase your production output and decrease lead times.

Benefits of Custom Forgings

There are many reasons customers choose custom forging over traditional options. While custom forgings take longer to produce than other components, they are more dependable than different forging types.

  • Leak-resistant: Custom forgings can be created with dense metals. Dense, non-porous metals are used to avoid defects and leaks. If you operate in extreme weather conditions, you may want to consider custom forgings for their leak-resistant properties.
  • Less expensive: Trenton Forging can produce a high number of custom forgings in one production run. Creating more products at one time can help reduce costs.
  • Prevent rust corrosion: Many custom forgings can be coated with materials to help prevent future rust corrosion. ┬áTrenton Forging offers several options for your forgings to prevent harmful rust.
  • Improve longevity: Trenton Forging uses a custom forging method that extends the life and performance of your tools. All of our custom forgings are robust while maintaining operational efficiency.
  • Close tolerances: Depending on customer requirements, Trenton Forging often creates custom forgings with a steel die. ┬áParts generated in a steel die are more exact and have closer tolerances than other casting processes. If you need multiple forgings generated, tight tolerances decrease the level of variation between the parts.

This is not a comprehensive list of custom forging benefits. Instead, depending on your requirements, we can create a forging that works for your industry and application.

American Forging Company

Trenton Forging produces custom forgings for a variety of applications. We make tools with steel, stainless steel and alloy metals. We employ a team of designers and engineers experienced in producing closed-impression die forgings. We provide custom die forgings, micro alloy forging, symmetrical forging, asymmetrical forging, pre-forming, post-forming, induction heating, and more.